In order to drive safely, drivers must give their full attention to the road and the route that they are driving. Therefore, if a driver is engaging in any other activity when driving, they are not giving their full attention to the road that they are on.
Distracted driving is a very broad label that is given to many different actions. This could be texting on a cellphone, changing the music, giving attention to children in the back of the car or putting on make-up. Distracted driving should be avoided when it is possible, because it leads to thousands of accidents every year and can be tragic.
What does the law say on distracted driving?
Almost every state has a law on the consequences of distracted driving, although the consequences depend on the severity of the negligence that the driver exercised.
However, sometimes being distracted while driving is completely unavoidable. Perhaps a child became severely sick in the back of the car and the driver needed to quickly pull over, or something on the road created a risk for the driver's safety and he or she became distracted by that.
The law therefore specifies what kind of distracted driving is forbidden. If it is a type of distraction that is not necessary to operate the vehicle, and if it has the potential to impair driving, then it is considered forbidden distracted driving.
If you are involved in a car accident where you believe that the at-fault driver was engaging in distracted driving, he or she could be held liable for any injuries and damages due to negligence.
Source: Findlaw, "Distracted driving," accessed Oct. 20, 2017